United States Army - World War I Wings

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Cliff Presley Collection
5/16/2010
Military Aviator badge Number 1 - This is it, the very first U.S. Military Aviator badge ever awarded.

"Original 1913 Military Aviator gold-proof badge #1 given to Captain Charles DeForest Chandler, Chief of the Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps, from 1 August 1907 to 30 June 1910, and 20 June 1911 to 9 September 1913. Military Aviator Qualification Date: 5 July 1912. Aero Club of America Expert Aviator No. 5.

The die for this badge was manufactured by the Ordnance Department, Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois. It was struck in 14kt gold, and then coated with 24kt gold before receiving additional hand embellishments by a skilled engraver. Once completed it was forwarded to Brigadier General George P. Scriven, Chief Signal Officer, Washington, DC, for official approval. After being approved by General Scriven, he presented the badge to Captain Chandler on 6 October 1913." - Cliff Presley

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Cliff Presley Collection
7/2/2011
Original 1913 Military Aviator badge manufactured by the Ordnance Department, Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois. Presented to Lieutenant Robert H. Willis, Military Aviator No. 20. Military Aviator Qualification Date: 26 December 1913. Aero Club of America Expert Aviator No. 22.

Only 23 officers were award a 1913 Military Aviator badge made by the Rock Island Arsenal. This badge was struck in 14kt gold, and then coated with 24kt gold. Note that some details such as the eagles beak on the Willis badge are slightly different from those found on gold-proof badge #1 presented to Captain Charles DeForest Chandler on 6 October 1913. The reason is the Willis badge was struck using a second die that had to be made by the Rock Island Arsenal after the first one was damaged

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Cliff Presley Collection
9/3/2010
The 1913 type Military Aviator badge from LT/Gen Lewis Hyde Brereton. This badge may have been made in the Philippines prior to 1917.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/1/2010
1913 style Military Aviator badge in silver made by V. H. Blackinton. To date no explanation has been found that would explain why this badge was struck in silver since only gold badges are known to have been officially authorized by the War Department for wear on a uniform; however, in 1918 V. H. Blackinton did list the badge in their catalog as being available in gold or silver.

If you have any evidence that might substantiate why this badge was offered in silver please let me know as I'd love to see it.

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Bell & Birkner, 503-5 Ave, NY, STERLING #35
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This badge belonged to Raynal C. Bolling.

In 1913-1914 the Aero Club of America held talks about fathering a national movement to interest state militia authorities into forming Federal Reserve units for the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps for the purpose of training men in aeronautics. The first such unit formed was the First Aviation Corps in New York. Eager to learn how to fly and get commissions, several businessmen and young men connected with prominent New York families began contributing funds for its development; however, progress was cut short when, in February 1915, the Secretary of War would not grant a request for a brigadier general to act as its chief since no reserve organization had yet been authorized for the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps.

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Bell & Birkner, 503-5 Ave, NY, STERLING #47
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This is a variation of the First Aviation Corps badge
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Dieges & Clust, 14K
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This badge was worn by Captain Raynal C. Bolling, NYNG

On 1 September 1915 Captain Raynal C. Bolling, New York National Guard and James E. Miller, with the support of General John F. O'Ryan, head of the New York National Guard, began work to organizing an aero company under the New York National Guard. Work was started with $12,500 from the Aero Club of America. Along with a rated pilot Lieutenant A. B. Thaw, NYNG, three civilian pilots, P. C. "Tex" Millman; Filip A. Bjorklund, and O. M."Rusty" Bounds, were hired as pilot instructors. Recruiting started and two Gallaudet-Gnome airplanes were rented, one with an engine of 100-horsepower and the other of 50-hp. The Club also financed the training of National Guard student pilots at the Curtiss school at Newport News, Virginia, and the Thomas school at Ithaca, New York.

On 1 November 1915 under command of Captain Bolling, the first National Guard aero company was formed called the Aviation Detachment, First Battalion, Signal Corps, National Guard, New York. Shortly thereafter it was re-designated the First Aero Company. It was provisionally recognized on 22 June 1916 and mustered into federal service on 13 July 1916 in anticipation of duty on the Mexican border. At this time the company went into more intensive training under the direction of regular army officers, Lieutenants Joseph E. Carberry and Walter G. Kilner.

Eventually 25 members qualified as pilots but on 2 November 1916, the First Aero Company was mustered out of federal service without ever having reached the border.

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Johnson Manufacturing Company, New York, Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/17/2010
1917 style Military Aviator badge
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/15/2010
This badge is a French made 1917 Military Aviator (MA) badge that belonged to Colonel Arthur Read Christie. F.A.I. Certificate no. 323; Expert Aviator Certificate No. 40. He received his Military Aviator rating in July 1918. C.O. 2nd Aviation Instructional Center, Tours, France; C.O. 99th Aero Squadron; C.O. 5th Army Corps Observation Group; Chief of Air Service, 5th Army Corps, Toul Sector.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/15/2010
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Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/1/2010
Please note the unusual construction of this badge. We are not certain if the craftsman who made it used the lost-wax method or centrifugal-force method of casting; however, it enabled him to create a unique design with a very inventive twist.

While carving the badge out of wax, he made sure that each long feather would extend outward at an angle. Next, after casting the badge in silver, he then took a jewelers hammer and began lightly tapping the back of the badge behind each feather to make it lap over the top of the next feather just below it. The net effect was to convert a two dimensional badge into one with three dimensional feathers... a task that would have been impossible to do had it been a die-struck badge.

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Cliff Presley Collection
9/2/2010
This badge belonged to 2/Lt Dwight H. Green. He later became Mayor of Chicago, IL in 1939. He was also Governor of Illinois from 1941-1949.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/2/2010
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E. A. Dreher and Son
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/3/2010
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Dunham
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/3/2010
One very interesting pilot badge made by Dan S. Dunham. This is just one of several different pilot badge variations Dunham made during WW1.
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Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/12/2010
This badge was made by Dan S. Dunham. Its feathering pattern is different than the similar style Dunham badge above.
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Eisenstadt
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/4/2010
This badge was worn by 2/Lt Robert L. Gandy
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/4/2010
This badge was made by Bailey, Banks & Biddle
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Cliff Presley Collection
11/20/2011
This is an extremely rare 3rd pattern Dallas style wing
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Terry Morris Collection

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Sterling
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9/5/2010
This pattern has been attributed to a jewelery company in Memphis, TN named Humrichous (I've also seen it spelled Homrichous in "More Silver Wings, Pinks & Greens"). This wing is most similar to #26 in Duncan's book and WB-39 in Terry Morris' book which are both the same wing.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/22/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Thomas J. Haile.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/6/2010
This badge was worn by 2/Lt Charles R. Steedman.
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Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
1/6/2012
This badge was made by Wm. Link Company but only carries the Sterling mark and not the company hallmark.
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W. C. Link Co hallmark, Sterling
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Joe Weingarten Collection
1/25/2002
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Robbins
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/6/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Joseph H. Austin
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Robbins
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/6/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/6/2010
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Tiffany & Co
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Terry Morris Collection
7/21/2001
This badge was worn by Lt. Harry H. Haw
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Terry Morris Collection

This badge was worn by Lt. Ray G. Meyers
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G. W. Haltom, Forth Worth, Sterling
Sterling
Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This badge was worn by 2/Lt William O. Gross. Lt. Gross was a member of the 354th Aero Squadron, AEF.
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G. W. Haltom, Fort Worth, Sterling
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Phil Perrone Collection
8/15/2001
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Linz Brothers

Cliff Presley Collection
12/4/2004
WW1 United States Army Air Service Pilot wing badge
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/8/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/8/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Walter L. Krechmann. Note that the letters "US" on the badge are made from white gold not silver.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/12/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/14/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/14/2010
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Shreve & Co, Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/15/2010
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Patrick Frost Collection
9/16/2010
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Sterling
Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
It has been determined that these wings were made by Paye & Baker, in North Attleboro, MA. This badge is identical to badge #29 on page 17 in Duncan Campbell's book.
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Dunham

Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This wings was worn by Lt. Maurice Hoare
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This wings was worn by Lt. Henry Chapman
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3 11/16"
1"

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Cliff Presley Collection
4/27/2013
Made by Humrichous (correct spelling), Memphis, TN - 2nd pattern
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/8/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Lawton N. Ware
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/14/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Francis E. Shriner
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Patrick Frost Collection
3/7/2010
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9/5/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/15/2010
This badge was worn by 1/Lt. John R. Castleman, 99th Observation (Aero) Squadron.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/15/2010
This badge was made in England.
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Patrick Frost Collection
9/16/2010
This badge was made in England
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. James C. Hickman
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Hertzbert Jewelry Co., San Antonio, Texas
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Carter Luscher
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/22/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. James F. Means
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Patrick Frost Collection
9/22/2010
This is a French made badge
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/26/2010
French made Pilot badge used by Captain Murray K. Guthrie, 13th Aero Squadron. Captain Guthrie was the highest scoring ACE in the squadron having 6 Fokker D-V11s to his credit.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/26/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/26/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/6/2010
These badges were used by Lt. Reube Scobey. His RMA wing badge and flight instructor winged insignia.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/6/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. James Morison.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/6/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Earl Tussing.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/8/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. James Longinotti.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/8/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. William Jennings, 93rd Aero Squadron.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by 1st Lt. Herbert A. Wardle on the jacket he was wearing when captured after he was shot down.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by 1st Lt. Herbert A. Wardle on his "walking out jacket" - Pinback.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Norman Sweetser, Italian Front, Squadrilla 6.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Arthur D. Farquhar, Italian Front, Squadrilla 6 - Pinback.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Allen Bevin, Italian Front, Foggia, Italy.
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This badge was worn by Byron Bilderback, British made bullion wing.
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This badge was worn by Byron Bilderback, Italian made bullion wing.
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This badge was worn by Lt. Howard Wing.
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This badge was worn by Lt. Earl Forsyth, British made bullion wing.
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Cliff Presley Collection
3/2/2012
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2 5/8"

TIFFANY & CO MAKERS 14 KT GOLD NY
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge is either a cap badge or a sweetheart item
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2 5/8"

Robbins
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge, worn by Lt. Lawton N. Ware is a cap badge.
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2 1/4"
1/2"

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Cliff Presley Collection
10/24/2012
This is a cap badge or sweetheart pin that was made by Robbins.
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2 5/8"

Sterling
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge is either a cap badge or a sweetheart item
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3"



Cliff Presley Collection
11/21/2004
The grandaddy of all aeronaut badges. The first government issue regulation Aeronaut badges were made in silk, rather than silver wire embroidery as for heaver-than-air aviators. The prescribed double wing badge was to have: "A balloon with letters US and basket at the center, to be of white silk on dark blue wool felt; the letters to be golden (silk) thread.
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Dan S. Dunham
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/3/2010
This badge was worn by 2/Lt Francis Barrington
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Dan S. Dunham (Unmarked)
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Cliff Presley Collection
8/27/2012
Junior & Reserve Military Aeronaut cap badge made by Dan S. Dunham in pin-back.
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Patrick Frost Collection
9/17/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/22/2010
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Capt. Maurice Smith, C.O. 5th Balloon Co, Commanding officer, 2 Flaming Balloon Jumps
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/13/2010
This 1918 Observer sterling silver half-wing made by Wm. C. Link Company was used by Lt. Joseph Palmerlee.
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Terry Morris Collection

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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Lynch H. D. Boykin. It was made by J. J. Sweeney Jewelry Co.
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Joseph B. Pamerlee.
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Purchased from the collection of J. Duncan Campbell
6/27/2009
Junior/Reserve Aviator badge (8/1917-10/1917), First pattern Observer badge (10/1917-12/1917)
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/8/2010
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/14/2010
This 1917 Junior Military Aviator (JMA) embroidered half-wing badge belonged to Lt. Jack McCarty.
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. William B. Conner, 104th Aero Squadron in the AEF.
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Frances E Shriner.
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Cliff Presley Collection
8/4/2012
Regulation silver bullion embroidered half-wing for both Junior and Reserve Military Aviator, authorized from 17 August 1917 to 27 October 1917.
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Cliff Presley Collection
11/21/2004
WW1 (Balloon) Observer Wing Badge worn by 2/Lt. Edward A. Geary, Reserve Military Aeronaut.
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Pin
Cliff Presley Collection
10/14/2010
This Observer badge used by Lt. Carroll Sweeney. The badge was made by Bailey, Banks & Biddle.
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Pin
Cliff Presley Collection
10/14/2010
This badge has a painted brass background. It was used by Lt. Francis Barrington who was a rated Balloon Observer and Reserve Military Aeronaut. The badge was made by Bailey, Banks & Biddle.
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cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Carl F. Seidel.
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. James Wheat.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/14/2010
French made Observer badge used by 1/Lt John Gilchrist, 104th Aero Squadron.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Frank Besse, Observer, 10th Balloon Co.
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Dennis Jackson Collection
5/2/2011
This badge was worn by Lt. Roland Neel, Observer, 99th Aero Squadron C de G and DSC.
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Terry Morris Collection
2/20/2012
This badge was worn by enlisted aviators. Only two known bullion examples exist.
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/14/2010
This is an Enlisted Aviator insignia (cloth embroidery). This belonged to Lt. Robert O. Lindsay. After receiving his commission he became a 6 victory ace with the 139th Pursuit Squadron.
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Cliff Presley Collection
7/31/2011
This is an Enlisted Aviator insignia (cloth embroidery).
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Cliff Presley Collection
10/11/2010
This is believed to be an Enlisted Aviator Garrison Cap Badge.
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/8/2010
This is a "Fighter Observer" badge worn by Lt. Irven H. Wagner. This is an extremely rare badge.
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J. J. Sweeney Jewelry Co
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/3/2010
This badge was worn by 2/Lt Francis E. Skinner
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/6/2010
This badge was worn by Lt. Charles C. West - Maker unknown but suspect it was Eisenstadt
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4/25/2010
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2 3/8"



Cliff Presley Collection
7/3/2011
This cap size badge was worn by Lt. Frederick Krecker.
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Cliff Presley Collection
12/8/2013
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Bastian Brothers Co, Ster
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Cliff Presley Collection
9/19/2010
Believed to have been given to graduates of the U. S. Army School of Aerial Photography, operated by Eastman Kodak, at Langley Field, Virgina in 1918
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B,B&B Co, 14k

Cliff Presley Collection
10/2/2010
14k gold Order of Daledalians lapel pin that belonged to Major William C. Morris
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Cliff Presley Collection
5/31/2004
Major William C. Morris' first issue gold and silver Order of Daledalians ring. More information about Major Morris can be found on the detail photo page by clicking on the ring.
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Patrick Frost Collection
9/16/2010
This ring belonged to Capt. Lucas V. Beau. Capt. Beau was one of the original 20 or so founders of this order in 1934. So likely this is one of the very first rings.
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Cliff Presley Collection
11/21/2004
These were worn by American volunteers who joined France's "Service Aeronautique" prior to America's entry into WWI. The first American volunteers formed the "Lafayette Escadrille" but the vanguard of subsequent American volunteers founded the "Lafayette Flying Corps".
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Cliff Presley Collection
12/4/2004
(American) Lafayette Escadrille badge belonging to Sergent Granville A. Pollock, Escadrille Spa 102 & Escadrille Spa 65.
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1 3/4"
29/32"

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R. & J. Quetel Collection
7/31/2001
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13/16"
25/32"

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R. & J. Quetel Collection
7/31/2001
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1 7/32"
1 1/16"

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R. & J. Quetel Collection
7/31/2001
Length: Cloth: 4 1/4 inches, Number: "6" is 1 1/32 inches, Propeller: 1 15/16 inches
Height: Cloth: 3 3/16 inches, Numbers: 1 1/2 inches, Propeller: 1 31/32 inches
Contributor: R. & J. Quetel Collection
Date Added: 7/31/2001
Book(s) Found: United States Army Air Service Wing Badges and Insignia 1913-1918 by Terry R. Morris, page 45 and Aviation Badges and Insignia of the United States Army 1913-1946 by J. Duncan Campbell, page 42
Note: WWI and for enlisted soldiers without a specialty rating. It was worn on right sleeve, midway between shoulder and elbow.
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1 7/32"
29/32"

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R. & J. Quetel Collection
7/31/2001
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Pin Back
John Vargas Collection
8/3/2001
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Pin Back
John Vargas Collection
8/3/2001
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1"
1"

Tabs
R. & J. Quetel Collection
9/24/2001
1ST OBS (stamped on front)
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1 1/4"
1 1/8"


R. & J. Quetel Collection
9/24/2001
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Aviation Wings and Badges of World War II